Quechua: Machu piqchu; “Old mountain ” ) he is a citadel once was
constructed during the Imperio Inca's, the Perú's epoch. One Comes
from the architectonic and archeological jewels more important of
Machu Picchu's sacred city is located 130 kilometers to the
northwest of the Cusco, in the hill's crest Machu Picchu, to 2.200
meters of height on the sea level.
A secret military man, because ravines deep, on the verge of an
abyss, and forested regions agrestal were the best defense natural
was the citadel's position.
Archeological: One Comes from archeological centers more
outstanding, Sudamérica's more important and, as a consequence, the
tourist attraction more visited in the Perú.
Picchu's Santuario: He proposed as Santuario Histórico, with
a 32.592 hectares surface From 1981, that they include only he does
not split it archeological, but also the flora, fauna and his
landscapes, emphasizing the abundant orchids presence.
More firm theories hold that
one was Inca llacta: A settlement once was constructed with
to control the economy of the regions conquered purpose. I was her
the Inca empire's more beautiful llacta, and I would have been
constructed with to give refuge at the most select of the
aristocracy in case of attack purpose expresses her. He seems that
it was used in determining moment as resting-place of the He saps
Inca and as observatory; Right after the Spaniards's conquest of the
empire for part, fortress was of One-handed Inca's revolt.
sectors: According to the archeologists's theories, Machu
Picchu was divided in three big sectors: The Barrio Sagrado, the
Barrio Popular, South, and the Priests's Barrio and the Nobleza (
residential area ).
In the first zone, dedicated to Inti, the deity Sol, his bigger
divinity, they find archeological treasures principal: The
Intiwatana, the Templo of the Sol and the three Windows's Room.
In the living quarters zone
existed a sector in order to the nobility, group of houses situated
in rows on a slope; He impeaches her of the ( learned persons )
characterized Amautas for his walls of reddish color, and them zone
Ñustas ( princesses ) with living quarters of form trapezoide.
Inside the citadel supposedly a sector once was destined to the
jail, where were applicable punishments to the prisoners, inside
niches of rock existed .
A stony block is The Mausoleo Monumental stony, it was whose
interior vaulting once was utilized in order to rites or sacrifices;
His walls are tilled.
Architecture: All the edifications in Machu Picchu follow
classical architectonic style Inca: Constructions with polished
walls on a regular basis and perfect junctions among the blocks of
stone, unused mortar. A couple of data that the technical-
perfection level and architectonics that fitted evidence are : First
than a knife's sheet does not fit in among stone and stone and,
after, his constructions's durability. They have gone up to our
days, practically, intact. Neither the passing of time neither
geological phenomena have altered the initial structure.
Indicating, than the Incas Is
important they were knowing the round form ( to the god Inti, they
represented it thus ); But he does not roll it. How they were moving
the enormous blocks of stone that they were using in his
constructions he is a mystery. However, yes they knew the inclined
plane. It that he would be able to risk a theory envelope how they
engineered them stop to lift them.
Regrettably, the Incas did not
leave record once was written, once should have been owed to than
neither they knew the writing.
In solidum the set, they meet around 140 constructions among
temples, sanctuaries, plazas and residential nuclei. There are over
one hundred flights of stairs of stone, many times carved entirely
in an alone granite block; interconnected- water sources great
quantity for canals with drainages perforations in the rock,
destined to the original irrigation system.
At the present time, it is not
possible to explain how the Incas could transfer to Machu Picchu's
top blocks of stone of to twenty tons.
Redescubrimiento: Machu Picchu was discovered
in the century XX for the professor Hiram Bingham the July 24, 1911.
He was a controverted anthropologist, historian or, simply, a North
American explorer once was made fond to the archeology. This
anthropologist of Yale's University initiated archeological studies
and accomplished the zone's investigation. Bingham wedged the name
of The City Perdida of the Incas through his first book Lost City of
In the year 2002, vestiges found
the century's not our own scanning stranger XX, whose footprints
Bingham would have called to eliminate to remain under the title of
Machu Picchu's discoverer.
Discovery has been to him
adjudicated to Bingham, according to the Cusco's, Simone Waisbard's
researcher. Nevertheless, the finding was the chance's product,
since they would have been Enrique Palma, Gabino Sánchez and Agustín
Lizárraga, the first things in touring these archeological remains
on whose stones left engravings his names the July 14, 1901. Bingham
was searching, in reality, Vitcos's city, the last Inca strongpoint
against the Spaniards. Of manner than, Bingham's given an
appointment discovery, it would decrease to the the fact diffusion
in order to the science. However product was not of chance, in order
to him,, one destiny exhausting investigation once was based in the
proportionate reports for peasants of the place, in addition to
several journeys and explorations years for the zone.
Bingham took to his university in
The United States himself 5.000 archeological pieces. To this date
they have not been returned, in spite of the claims than he takes
for decades realizing Peruvian Government.
At present, grows the opinion that Bingham should be regarded as
one of the bigger despoilment examples of the cultural patrimony
than has suffered this country.